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ALI acute lung injury

AGA appropriate for gestational age

ARDS adult/acute respiratory distress syndrome

BAL bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

BPD bronchopulmonary dysplasia

CAH congenital adrenal hyperplasia

CDH congenital diaphragmatic hernia

CLD chronic lung disease

CPAP continuous positive airway pressure

HDC high dependency care

DL diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide

DPPC dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine

ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

ELBW extremely low birth weight

ERV expiratory reserve volume

FABP fatty acid binding protein

FEF forced expiratory flow

FEV1 forced expiratory flow

FiO2 fraction of inspired oxygen concentration

FRC functional residual capacity

FVC forced vital capacity

GA gestational age

GCMP giant cystic meconium peritonitis

HFPPV high-frequency positive pressure ventilation

HFJV high-frequency jet ventilation

HFOV high-frequency oscillatory ventilation

IL interleukin

INO inhaled nitric oxide

IPPV intermittent positive pressure ventilation

IRV Inspiratory reserve volume

IUGR intrauterine growth restriction

IVH intraventricular haemorrhage

LBW low birth weight

LCFA long chain fatty acidst

MAP mean airway pressure

MAS meconium aspiration syndrome

MDI mental development index

MV Minute volume

NCPAP nasal continuous positive airway pressure

NEC necrotising enterocolitis

NICHD National Institute of Child and Human Development

NICU neonatal intensive care unit

NIPPV nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation

NO nitric oxide

NOS nitric oxide synthase

OR odds ratio

PaCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PDA patent ductus arteriosus

PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure

PFO patent foramen ovale

PG phosphatidylglycerol

PIE pulmonary interstitial emphysema

PIP peak inspiratory pressure

PPAR peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor

PPHN persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

PROM premature rupture of membranes

PTL preterm labour

PVH periventricular haemorrhage

PVL periventricular leucomalacia

RAW airway resistance

RDS respiratory distress syndrome

ROM rupture of membranes

ROP retinopathy of prematurity

RSV respiratory syncytical virus

RV Residual volume

SC special care

SCBU special care baby unit

SGA small for gestational age

SIDS sudden infant death syndrome

SIMV synchronised intermittent mandatory ventilation

SP surfactant protein

TE expiratory time

TI inspiratory time

TLC total lung capacity

TTN transient tachypnoea of the newborn

TV Tidal volume

UTI urinary tract infection

VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor

VLBW very low birthweight